Alfred Edward Housman
Alfred Edward Housman1859 - 1936
Alfred Edward Housman (/26 March 1859 – 30 April 1936), usually known as A. E. Housman, was an English classical scholar and poet, best known to the general public for his cycle of poems A Shropshire Lad. Lyrical and almost epigrammatic in form, the poems wistfully evoke the dooms and disappointments of youth in the English countryside. Their beauty, simplicity and distinctive imagery appealed strongly to Edwardian taste, and to many early 20th-century English composers both before and after the First World War. Through their song-settings, the poems became closely associated with that era, and with Shropshire itself.
Housman's poetry, especially A Shropshire Lad, was set to music by many British, and in particular English, composers in the first half of the 20th century.[ The national, pastoral and traditional elements of his style resonated with similar trends in English music. In 1904 the cycle A Shropshire Lad was set by Arthur Somervell, who had begun to develop the concept of the English song-cycle in his version of Tennyson's Maud a little previously. Ralph Vaughan Williams produced his well-known settings of six songs, the cycle On Wenlock Edge, for string quartet, tenor and piano in 1909. Between 1909 and 1911 George Butterworth produced settings in two collections, Six Songs from A Shropshire Lad and Bredon Hill and Other Songs. He also wrote the orchestral tone poem A Shropshire Lad, first performed at LeedsFestival in 1912.
Ivor Gurney also made renowned settings of Housman's poems. Towards the end of World War 1 he was working on his cycle Ludlow and Teme, for voice and string quartet (published in 1919), and went on to compose the eight-song cycle The Western Playland in 1921. One more who set Housman songs at this period was John Ireland in the song cycle, The Land of Lost Content (1920–21). Even composers not directly associated with the 'pastoral' tradition, such as Arnold Bax, Lennox Berkeley and Arthur Bliss, were attracted to Housman's poetry.
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This list is likely to be of songs that have been performed at Oxford International Song Festivals and Oxford Song events, and may not be comprehensive of this composer's compositions. This database is ever growing as a work in progress, with further songs regularly being added.
|'Tis time, I think, by Wenlock town (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|Bredon Hill (1909)||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|Clun (1909)||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|Far in a western brookland (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|Farewell To Barn and Stack and Tree||Ernest John Moeran|
|From far, from eve and morning (1909)||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|Grenadier (1996)||Michael Berkeley|
|Into my heart an air that kills (1996)||Howard Skempton|
|Into my heart an air that kills (1904)||Sir Arthur Somervell|
|Is my team ploughing? (1911)||George Butterworth|
|Is my team ploughing? (1909)||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|Look not in my eyes (1911)||George Butterworth|
|Loveliest of trees (1904)||Sir Arthur Somervell|
|Loveliest of trees (1911)||George Butterworth|
|Loveliest of trees (1934)||John Duke|
|Loveliest of Trees||Muriel Herbert|
|Ludlow fair (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|Oh Fair Enough Are Sky and Plain||George Butterworth|
|Oh, when I was in love with you (1909)||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|On the Idle Hill of Summer (1919)||George Butterworth|
|On the idle hill of summer (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|On Wenlock Edge (1909)||Ralph Vaughan Williams|
|The lads in their hundreds (1911)||George Butterworth|
|The Lent Lily (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|The Queen of Air and Darkness||Elaine Hugh-Jones|
|Think no more, lad (1911)||George Butterworth|
|When I was one-and-twenty (1911)||George Butterworth|
|When I was one-and-twenty (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|When smoke stood up from Ludlow (1919)||Ivor Gurney|
|With rue my heart is laden (1928)||Samuel Barber|