Lili Boulanger


Lili Boulanger

1893 - 1918 Forgotten Voices

Lili Boulanger (1893-1918) is often described as one of the most gifted composers of the twentieth century, however, her promise was cut short by early death. She achieved a degree of posthumous renown which is exceptional among women composers.

Together with her older sister Nadia, she was born into a musical family, showed early talent and received an outstanding musical education. She received lessons in organ, piano accompaniment and harmony and played the violin, cello, harp and piano.

Despite an early diagnosis of bronchial pneumonia and constant illness, she was the first woman to win the coveted Prix de Rome aged 19. Her visit to the city was soon interrupted by World War I. She returned for a few months in 1916 but was often bedridden by illness. After an operation that brought only a temporary reprieve, Boulanger focused on completing what she could before her death aged 24. 24 of 64 surviving works were published, and much of what remains is incomplete, in sketch form or lost. Religious music was especially important to her.

Boulanger left a significant contribution to song in Clairières dans le ciel, a cycle of thirteen settings of deeply reflective texts by her contemporary Francis Jammes. The poems are steeped in nostalgia and yearning, and replete with evocative natural symbols such as flowers and birds. The resultant avant-garde, luminous musical style is very distant from the salon world many contemporaries favoured. Her performance direction was that the melodies should be sung 'with the feeling of evoking a past that has remained fresh’. 

One biographer has argued that she identified with the subject of the poems, a young girl who is tenderly recalled by the poet. In addition, Creole influences can be discerned in the text, such as the mention of a black Virgin; Jammes (according to his close friend Darius Milhaud) had ancestors from the West Indies. The cycle was dedicated to Gabriel Fauré and eight of the songs were orchestrated by her. It is approximately 35 minutes long.

Alongside much choral music and an incomplete opera, Boulanger also wrote the song ‘Le Retour’ for mezzo-soprano and piano, which she also arranged for SATB choir; and ‘Dans l‘immense tristesse’ for alto and piano to a text by Bertha Galeron de Calone, a poet who lost her sight and hearing. Both songs were republished in 1979.

© Natasha Loges, 2022


Where can I listen to Lili Boulanger's songs?

Listen to 'Refletshere.

Lili Boulanger
 is a featured composer on 'Compositrices: New Light on French Romantic Women Composers', released in 2023. Listen here on Spotify.

'Elle est gravement gaie', recorded at the 2022 Spring Song Festival. 

 'Un poéte disait', recorded at the 2022 Spring Song Festival. 

'Le retour', recorded by TallWall Media. 


'Les lilas qui avaient fleuri'


Many scores for Lili Boulanger's work are available to view here.

Song List

This list is likely to be of songs that have been performed at Oxford International Song Festivals and Oxford Song events, and may not be comprehensive of this composer's compositions. This database is ever growing as a work in progress, with further songs regularly being added.

Attente (1910) Lili Boulanger
Au pied de mon lit (1914) Lili Boulanger
Clairières dans le ciel (1914) Lili Boulanger
Dans l'immense tristesse (1916) Lili Boulanger
Demain fera un an (1914) Lili Boulanger
Deux ancolies (1914) Lili Boulanger
D’un vieux Jardin (piano solo) (1914) Lili Boulanger
Elle est gravement gaie (1914) Lili Boulanger
Elle était descendue au bas de la prairie (1914) Lili Boulanger
Je garde une médaille d'elle (1914) Lili Boulanger
Le Retour (1912) Lili Boulanger
Les lilas qui avaient fleuri (1914) Lili Boulanger
Nous nous aimerons (1914) Lili Boulanger
Par ce que j'ai souffert (1914) Lili Boulanger
Parfois, je suis triste (1914) Lili Boulanger
Reflets (1911) Lili Boulanger
Si tout ceci n'est qu'un pauvre rêve (1914) Lili Boulanger
Un poète disait (1914) Lili Boulanger
Vous m'avez regardé avec toute votre âme (1914) Lili Boulanger

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